Austmine sat down with Peter Bradford, Managing Director and CEO at Independence Group (IGO), to get an understanding of some of the drivers of change and the new technologies being implemented successfully by IGO to improve site productivity and outcomes.
- The challenge of exploring deeper and larger
- Opportunities for autonomy in mining and haulage
- What makes the NOVA mine one of the most exciting in Australia
Utilising innovative technology to fast-track both the exploration and exploitation of mining sites is the key to success in the modern age, according to Mr Bradford.
For IGO, being at the forefront of technology change is paying dividends, with the company utilising a raft of alternate approaches to its diversified mine sites.
In recent times, IGO has moved its focus toward minerals involved in battery production, with its world-class Nova operation producing high-grade nickel, copper and cobalt, while also holding a 30 per cent stake in the Tropicana Gold Mine.
While Nova and Tropicana are major focuses, it is the exploration being carried out by IGO that is setting the company up for an exciting future.
Mr Bradford explained that the company uses the very latest in geophysical and
geochemical tools available, with previous collaborations with academic institutions proving their worth.
“Geophysics, especially electromagnetic (EM), has been a strong suit of IGO’s for many, many years…and going forward, we see ourselves at the forefront of involving new tools for the understanding of EM,” he said.
Enter 3D seismic, a technique which has long been a staple of understanding the ground fill systems of oil and gas exploration, but has only recently earned a foothold in hard rock mining environments.
“Back in 2008, IGO first used it at our Long Mine, and that was one of the very first instances of 3D seismic used in a hard rock environment,” Mr Bradford said.
“We’ve gone on to use it at both Tropicana and Nova, and at Nova last year we carried out the largest single 3D seismic survey ever undertaken in Australia.”
Building for the future
Nova — 100 per cent operated and managed by IGO — saw a rapid progression in development.
From its discovery in July 2012, the mine moved rapidly through planning and construction, until it kicked off production in July 2017.
The mine is designed with future-proofing in mind, which will be a major driver of productivity.
“We’re starting to put in a fibre optic backbone underground, with a wi-fi system already in place, and we’re using that to facilitate remote logging from the surface,” Mr Bradford said.
“In the coming months, we will start doing remote firing using wi-fi, and from my understanding, that will be one of the first applications of remote firing over wi-fi systems ever.”
Nova also incorporates an infrastructure that will be easily adapted to automation, especially in terms of drilling and haulage.
Not only does it present a safety improvement for workers, but also efficiency and productivity gains for IGO.
Exploration, the Canadian way
IGO’s Nova mine is one of the few high-grade magmatic nickel sulphide styles of mineralisation deposits in Australia, while much of the nickel sulphide mined previously was a komatiite style.
This magmatic style is more commonly seen in other countries, such as Canada, with its discovery presenting a tantalising prospect of further nearby discoveries along Western Australia’s Fraser Range, with IGO leading the exploration.
The quality of the ore produced from the Nova operation also sets it apart, with its high iron to magnesium oxide ratio desired by smelters.
Moving forward, there are two parallel pathways for IGO to leverage off some of the unique aspects of the project.
“One of those is the exploration to discover those extensions to the Nova system, and in fact other systems on the Fraser Range,” Mr Bradford said.
“The second pathway is the opportunity for downstream processing of our nickel sulphide concentrate product, to produce a nickel sulphate chemical which is one of the key ingredients of electric vehicle batteries.”
Minestar for progression
The Tropicana Gold Mine, a joint venture with AngloGold Ashanti, has seen IGO lead the way, with the combination of new exploration techniques and mature technology, such as high-pressure grinding rolls in its plant, proving successful.
The mine is also one of the few operations worldwide with a fully integrated Caterpillar Minestar system for controlling activity.
“Recently we have adopted a strategic approach to the project using strip mining and in-pit dumping of waste. This is uncommon in the hard rock mining industry, although it is commonly seen in coal mining,” Mr Bradford said.
“I believe this will be the first ever occasion where this has been used in a gold mine, worldwide.
“Going forward, we would continue to look for opportunities, potentially leveraging off the Minestar system that we have, and progressing our mining activities through the different stages of automation.”
Hear Mr Bradford share his thoughts on enhancing productivity through people and technology in underground mining, when he takes to the stage as a special guest speaker at Austmine 2019, taking place on 22–23 May at the Brisbane Convention and Exhibition Centre.